If not to count the ancestors of the Amerindians，the Chinese were the first Asians immigrants to enter the United States. The first groups of Chinese immigrants, who were wealthy successful merchants, skilled artisans, fishermen, hotel managers and restaurant owners, were greatly welcomed by either American public or government officials on a large scale. However, in the mid 1800’s, American became negative and hostile towards unskilled Chinese migrants who left China for America during the period of “Gold Rush”. As the expansion of unskilled Chinese migrants in America under “Gold Rush”, the first Chinatown in San Francisco was formed. Therefore, Chinatown had been the place where Chinese Americans worked and socialized.
As time passed, violence and resentment against the Chinese immigrants continued to grow in America. 88 Chinese migrants were reported murdered in the year of 1862. What were worse, much legislation such as the Naturalization Act of 1870 and the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 were legalized by American government to restrict immigration of Chinese immigrants into the U.S.
After the Chinese immigrants’ population reached its peak in 1890 with 107,488 people, the Chinese population declined steadily. On one hand, the dropping numbers of Chinese immigrants were influenced by the legislation of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. On the other hand, many Chinese immigrants returned back to China because of imbalanced sex ratio and supportive money for their families in China. In fact, many of the Chinese immigrants who migrated to the United States had no intention of permanent residency in the country at this moment.
As decades passed, the situation between the Chinese immigrants and the American public as well as government improved. Chinatowns became tourist attractions and allies with the U.S. during World War II. Many Chinese children were accepted by American public schools and highly paid jobs were offered to Chinese skilled workers. Such kinds of events were positively paving the way for abolishing of the Chinese Exclusion Act. Finally, a lot of Chinese female immigrants backed to America and many couples were reunited after decades apart.
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